— Posted in In the shadow of Wladimir Putin, The Bear Rules, Zotz!

These Countries Have Been the Target of Russian Election Interference, #2. France

There were and are a few key takeaways from the 2016 election in the United States. First, we now know that anyone — really, anyone — can become president. Second, the nation is incredibly divided politically and ideologically, and the divide appears to be growing. And third, Russia, led by Vladimir Putin, can and will do anything possible to gum up the works of its geopolitical rivals. That includes getting involved in elections.

There are a lot of reasons why Donald Trump beat Hillary Clinton in 2016, and you have to include Russian interference on the list. Putin’s meddling may not have been the primary reason Trump won, but by all accounts, Russia did attempt to interfere. And in an election that was won by around 70,000 votes out of more than 120 million, it may have been enough to tip the election.

But America’s 2016 race is far from the only instance of Putin and Russia meddling in foreign elections.

Putin and Russia: Meddling hard since 2004

Putin has been meddling in elections for years. | Dmitry Kostyukov/AFP/Getty Images

According to a report from USA Today, Russia has interfered in dozens of elections since 2004. The total adds up to 27 countries over the course of 12 years, but it appears that none have been more consequential than last year’s presidential race. Again, though — 2016 looks like it was just the tip of the iceberg. Since November 2016, Russia has been hard at it in other countries, too. Here are a handful of those countries where Putin and Russia are and have been working to undermine elections.

2. France

Russia did not want Emmanuel Macron to win the French presidential election. | Pierre Suu/Getty Images

  • Russian assets supported far-right candidate Marine Le Pen.

In 2017, Russia followed up its American interference with a bout of meddling in the French presidential election. Right before the election, a batch of private emails from frontrunner (and eventual winner) Emmanuel Macron was released, and many suspected the Russians. Later, the NSA confirmed it, making it yet another example of high-profile cyber espionage coming straight from the Kremlin in recent years. Their attempts fell short, however, as Macron was still elected.

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